Laurent kabila, leader of a rebellion that overthrew president mobutu sese seko of zaire in may 1997. The new president, felix tshisekedi, and his predecessor, joseph kabila, whose party retains a majority in parliament, took nearly four months to agree on the name of the new head of government. Special envoy for the great lakes region, paid a visit to kinshasa from 10 to february, felix tshisekedi returned the favour by making an official visit to the united states this week, his fourth such visit since taking. Mobutu sese sekos body to return to congo, says kabila.
He is the author of a forthcoming biography, mobutu. Corruption in the democratic republic of the congo, once legendary, has diminished in recent years, but continues to exceed corruption in most states. Tshisekedi fought against the kleptocratic regime of mobutu sese seko and resisted the governments of laurent kabila and his son. Although mobutu kept effective control of the country his army was rather ineffective at repelling invasions from outside of the country. President kabilas second term expires next year after a two term mandate. Mobutu leaves legacy of chaos and corruption tue, sep 9, 1997, 01.
Jun 23, 2017 from mobutu to kabila, the drc is paying a heavy price for autocrats at its helm. Jun 22, 2017 from mobutu to kabila, the drc is paying a heavy price for autocrats at its helm june 22, 2017 9. Introduction a continental war has begun in africa. Mar 09, 2020 in so doing, he runs the risk of setting off a firestorm, particularly among some of his front commun pour le congo fcc allies two weeks after j.
He waged what many saw as a halfhearted war against mobutu in the eastern part of the country, spending much of his time in neighbouring tanzania. Mobutu s coup saw to the removal of kasavubu and tshombe, and mobutu. Congo cartoonist prepares to sketch a new president reuters. Tshisekedi places risky bet on rekindling relations. Whereas some of the conflicts along this path started decades ago, a new phase involving more than a dozen states has now begun. The 84yearold had formed the countrys first opposition party in 1982 against the longtime dictatorship of mobutu. In congo, the tshisekedi no one had expected takes power. Conflict profile democratic republic of congo 1996 2005 mobutu sese seko ruled congo, which he renamed zaire, and has now been renamed the democratic republic of congo drc for more than three decades, from 1965 to 1997. Cnn zaires mobutu returns home, plans to meet rebel. Kabila agrees to second round of talks with mobutu. This time, not only did the international community take notice of. Mobutu acted as the king and sole owner of the congo, which he. In 1972, mobutu renamed himself mobutu sese seko nkuku ngbendu wa za banga the allpowerful warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, goes from conquest to conquest, leaving fire in his wake.
Joseph kabila biography life, children, history, school. Mobutu sese sekos body to be returned to democratic. Desire kabila proclaimed himself president of the democratic republic of. Mobutu had not formally resigned from office and could not directly hand over power to the rebel leader, laurent kabila, because the countrys laws forbade such a transition. Although the banyamulenge communities had been in zaire for centuries, they were and remain unpopular with the congolese. It was the mobutu regime that gave rise to the term kleptocracy rule by thieves. However, after kabila was installed as the new president, he broke ties with rwanda and uganda. Zaires leader leaves behind a bitter nation ruthlessly stripped of all its wealth over 32 years. General mobutu sese seko delivered a famous speech in which he announced a.
Mobutus kleptocratic and autocratic rule impoverished the nation, but the war that led. Joseph kabila kabange is a congolese politician who served as president of the democratic. Yet try as kabila might, casting himself in the same light as congos iconic independence leader is proving a difficult sell these days. Kabila pulls out of talks with mobutu the irish times. All these inhuman methods were monitored by the army, the. Oct 25, 20 the remains of mobutu sese seko, one of africas most flamboyantly corrupt rulers, are to be repatriated to the democratic republic of the congo, its president has announced mobutu, who ruled. Congo mobutu and kabila meet on sas outeniqua duration. It reaches almost without interruption from the red sea to the atlantic ocean. Before he could begin taking classes in 1996, kabila s father, head at that time of a guerilla force that opposed the government, asked him to join him in a fight to overthrow thenpresident mobutu sese seko. Jan 21, 2003 mandela, mobutu, and me is a richly detailed, cleareyed account of the hard realities duke discovered, including the devastation wrought by ruthless, rapacious dictators like mobutu sese seko and his successor, laurent kabila, in the congo, and appalling indifference of europeans and americans to the legacy of their own exploitation of the. But, a fran cophone in the entourage of garang, he served as emissary for his regional diplomacy. Zimbabwe, angola, and namibia intervene to support kabila and loot congos natural resources.
They retaliated by invading the democratic republic of the congo, starting the second congo war. Congo, democratic republic of kinshasa freedom house. This article analyses the different forces behind the conflict and outlines a socialist perspective for the masses of the central. He subsequently became president and restored the countrys former name, democratic republic of the congo. Blood minerals and africas underreported first world war 3 stanley first traveled down the congo river and discovered the riches of the land in 1871. The country was known as zaire for much of his rule. You could say mobutu was the big victor of the 0th congo war, 30 years earlier. Mobutu gives up, leaving kinshasa and ceding power the new. Pdf drc is starting to implement its governance programme and planning to revisit the national.
Analysis the democratic republic of congo drc will mark 57 years of independence on friday, 30 june. The war that ended the mobutus dictatorship of more then three decades was a result due to both internal and external factors. Mandela, mobutu, and me is a richly detailed, cleareyed account of the hard realities duke discovered, including the devastation wrought by ruthless, rapacious dictators like mobutu sese seko and his successor, laurent kabila, in the congo, and appalling indifference of europeans and americans to the legacy of their own exploitation of the. Cnbc africa south africa 4th floor west tower, sandown mews, 88 stella rd.
Congo under mobutu, the statebuilding years 19661974. Complete the form for your free download of the africa reports 2019 list of the 100 most influential africans. Having held zaire together for 31 years, mobutu was chased from power in may after a sevenmonth rebellion led by a lifelong opponent, laurent desire kabila. Democratic republic of the congo democratic republic of the congo mobutus regime. The remains of mobutu sese seko, one of africas most flamboyantly corrupt rulers, are to be repatriated to the democratic republic of the congo, its president has announced mobutu, who ruled. Throughout his rule, mobutu swore that he would never be known as a former president, but only as the late president. Mobutu sese seko project gutenberg selfpublishing ebooks. Kabila initially had the support of governments in neighboring nations including angola, uganda. In light of the previous aborted phases of administrative reform, an encouraging sign since. Mobutu changed the name of the country to zaire, allowed for 5 hochschild, king leopolds ghost, 233. Sylvestre ilunga ilunkamba, the new prime minister.
Its much more accurate to say that he is the new mobutu. Sovereignty and personal rule in zaire african studies quarterly. Cnn kabila agrees to second round of talks with mobutu. From mobutu to kabila, the drc is paying a heavy price for autocrats at its helm. Mobutu sese seko kuku ngbendu wa za banga born josephdesire mobutu.
Two investigations into corruption in resourcerich dr congo show why it stays so poor. Mobutu s system led the country to chaos, its institutions to failure, and its leaders into discredit and made the majority of its citizens the butt of indescribable social and economic ridicule. Having taken over kinshasa by the force of arms after seven months of a virtually unchallenged long march, kabila proclaimed himself president of a country he renamed the democratic republic of the congo, or drc. Mr mobutu is buried in morocco, where he died in 1997 after being overthrown in a rebellion by mr. Mobutu s second coup, on november 24, 1965, occurred in circumstances strikingly similar to those that had led to the firsta struggle for power between the incumbent president, kasavubu, and his prime minister, this time tshombe. Congo, democratic republic of kinshasa freedom in the world 20 overview. In sum, according to congolese, it was a war of foreigners. Feb 07, 2010 the link below paints that really it was rwanda who killed ld kabila and the mastermind was james kabarebe who is the uncle of hypolipe kanambe kabarebe who came to change his name to joseph kabila. He is known for spreading the mobutism ideology in the country and for implying a mono party rule. From mobutu to kabila, media freedom in democratic republic of the congo.
Oct 29, 2015 and just when the democratic of congo was hoping to see some light, a new mobutu in president joseph kabila is somehow born. But when the iron curtain fell, his funds dried up, and with that his soldiers pay cheques, and ultimately his luck. His eventual successor was general mobutu, who seized power through a coup detat endorsed by the usa in 19657. Zairians who had once been taught to consider mobutu as their national savior, began to call him the devil. With the death of etienne tshisekedi, a light goes out in congo. Mobutu s departure has raised congolese hopes for a better future, but many are concerned about reported rebel human rights abuses and an ambiguous commitment to democracy. Joseph kabila and the reengagement on a wide scale of donors and other actors with the coun try. In the light of these victories, kabila returned to kinshasa from. Laurent kabila, leader of the newly installed rebels and fresh from victory over mobutu, now declares that a new era of democracy and respect for human rights is.
Edt 0255 gmt rabat, morocco cnn mobutu sese seko, who held an iron grip. Kabila with the facts as presented in kabilas liberation dosversailles of marshal mobutu. On the same day mobutu fled into exile, laurentdesire kabila became the. As he was unwilling to concede his supreme authority, mobutu manipulated language in order to stall the move to democracy. Tshisekedi places risky bet on rekindling relations with. When laurent kabila, in 1997, stormed zaire, seized it and renamed it the democratic republic of the congo drc as an indication of his preference for colonial symbols, it was clear this was a misnomer.
In the 1990s mobutu reluctantly began the process of democratization. Desire kabila topple mobutu who had given cover to. After kabila purges rwandan elements from his government, rwanda and uganda reinvade congo and set up proxy congolese rebel groups. Democratic transition in the democratic republic of congo after the cold war mobutu sese seko and laurentdesire kabilas leadership scrutinized serge mukiele bwana department of political science stvk 01 ht 11 tutor. Joseph mobutu seized power of the then republic of. John pomfret reports from kigali, rwanda rwandas powerful defence minister. Democratic republic of congo 5 found an alternative, he suddenly discovered a nationwide shortage of aviation fuel. Mobutu sese seko kuku ngbendu wa za banga was a congolese politician and military. He said any new government would most likely be headed by kabila in light of his military victories. The late zairian president, mobutu sese seko ruled the country known nowadays as the democratic republic of congo from 1965 to 1997. From mobutu to kabila, the drc is paying a heavy price for. The plot to overthrow mobutu sese seko originated not in the congo but in rwanda, before the campaign actually began.
When he pro claimed himself president in 1997, he promised to bring peace and stability to the country and improve the lives of millions of his fellow congolese. In 2014, he drew kabila trying on mobutu s trademark leopardskin hat as the old dictator tells him hell be able to hold on to power if he just adds a cane and glasses to his repertoire. He also served as chairman of the organisation of african unity. Jan 16, 2001 after several years of repeated rebellion in the north and east of the country, mobutu seized power in a coup detat in 1965. Kabila returns, in a cloud of uncertainty thomas turner introduction since the 1960s, laurent kabila had led a group of insurgents against the dictatorial mobutu sese seko government in kinshasa, operating along zaires eastern border 1. Kabila s father sent him to china to further his military training, and six months later they led the revolt that overthrew the congolese.
With his family fortune at stake, congo president kabila digs. Rwanada and uganda were more than happy to give support to kabila and plan for a future without mobutu since mobutu had long been tacitly allowing rebel camps to. Mobutu sese seko, military dictator and president of the drc since 1965, and began to attack the tutsi population who had been living in the country for generations. Under this title, kabila met mobutu, showing to him all the signs of. Cnbc africa spoke to andries delport, chief technology officer at the vodacom. Jan 17, 2001 laurent kabila joined a rebellion in 1965 which was put down by mobutu sese seko. This year also marks the 20th anniversary of mobutu sese sekos fall from power in 1997. Instability and insecurity persisted in 2012, as a nascent.
From mobutu to kabila, the drc is paying a heavy price for autocrats at its helm june 22, 2017 9. Mobutu sese sekos body to be returned to democratic republic. Kabila is disliked to such an extent that some of his countrymen now fondly recall mobutu sese seko, the countrys former leader known for his ruthless suppression of opponents and a. The incumbent president, joseph kabila, has been in power on an uninterrupted basis. With the death of etienne tshisekedi, a light goes out in. The democratic republic of the congo the enough project. Cnbc africa south africa 4th floor west tower, sandown mews, 88. Therefore president joseph kabila is the adopted son of laurent kabila because the later married his mother when his real father died in 1977. Mobutu is commonly known as mobutu or mobutu sese seko. Laurent kabila president of democratic republic of the. Mobutus system led the country to chaos, its institutions to failure, and its leaders into discredit and made the majority of its citizens the butt of indescribable social and economic ridicule. Mar 15, 2005 on may 17 the forces of the alliance of democratic forces for the liberation of congozaire adfl took zaires capital kinshasa and changed the name of the country to democratic republic of congo putting an end to 31 years of dictatorship by mobutu sese seko.
And after laurent kabila finally removed mobutu from power in may, 1997, how has. Democratic transition in the democratic republic of congo. Mr mobutu s agreement to meet mr kabila represented a significant climbdown for the zairean leader after he dropped demands for a ceasefire before talks. From mobutu to kabila, media freedom in democratic. Laurent kabila organized an army heavily manned with. Zaires mobutu returns home, plans to meet rebel leader may 10, 1997. Transfers of small arms and light weapons to drc rest of the world 200420. The bbcs drc country profile calls its recent history one of civil war and corruption. Corruption in the democratic republic of the congo wikipedia. President joseph kabila established the commission of repression of economic crimes upon his ascension to power in 2001. However, by 1972, he began to see the chinese in a different light, as a. Mobutu sese seko simple english wikipedia, the free. He took office ten days after the assassination of his father, president laurentdesire kabila. He has served at the helm of the country for nearly 15 years with the first five considered transitional.1414 1311 939 229 1227 1046 1507 411 89 1145 289 1029 1108 1181 1151 586 450 1076 885 179 45 31 1188 872 394 469 599 1153 860 1150 1326 1455 481 954 499