The following information is provided for general guidance purposes for workplaces. Studies of modern fire extinguishing agents have revealed a fourth element a self propagating chain reaction in the combustion process. You should only use that type of extinguisher on type a fires. Elide fire fire extinguisher are acknowledged by the international standards benchmark. Fire extinguishers are rated on their ability to extinguish test fires. Describe the steps used to operate a fire extinguisher using the p. Fumes toxic if inhaled halon is no longer manufactured halon a trash wood paper b liquids grease c electrical equipment a trash wood paper b liquids grease c electrical equipment. Fire extinguishers article about fire extinguishers by. Squeeze the operating lever to discharge the fire extinguishing agent. In the case of class a which is paper, cardboard and carbonaceous material, a wooden crib of specific size and length is ignited, and the. But using a fire extinguisher without taking the proper precautions can actually put you and everyone in your building at serious risk.
The successful use of any type of fire equipment fire extinguishers, fire suppression systems. Starting at the recommended distance, sweep the nozzle or hose from side to side until the fire is out. As a result, the basic elements of fire are represented by the fire tetrahedron heat, fuel, oxygen and chain reaction. Outline the actions you will take in response to a fire using the r. Fire extinguishers composed of a nonrollable pressure drum and equipment, transported unpacked and handled e. Not all fires are the same, and they are classified according to the type of fuel that is burning. Fire extinguishers and fire blankets tasmania fire service. Per law, all areas of a healthcare facility are equipped with portable fire extinguishers. The purpose of this document is to provide information relating to fire extinguishers as a domestic fire safety measure.
Before you use a fire extinguisher, here are some important things to keep in mind. Also located on the fire extinguisher label is the ul. Both of these types of labels are shown below with the description of the different classes of extinguishers. Their locations should be clearly marked, and everyone familiarized with their locations and use.
For example, you may see a fire extinguisher with an a rating. If you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on the wrong class of. It will tell you what type of fire or fire class the fire extinguisher can safely put out. Fire extinguishers are located so that employees responding to a fire do not have to travel more than 75 feet, in any direction, to obtain one. It appears that because the effectiveness of fire extinguishers is not generally known, there are those.
Extinguishing a fire is not as easy as it seems, especially when you are under pressure. Make sure that the fire is not emitting a toxic smoke or. Fire extinguishers have proven their effectiveness in extinguishing fires, saving lives, and protecting property from fire. Most uses of fire extinguishers are never reported because users do not want the authorities fire departments and insurance companies to know that there was a fire. To extinguish any fire, lower the temperature, cut off the oxygen supply, or remove the fuel. We supply and maintain a range of fire fighting equipment all manufactured to british standards bs en3. Before using a fire extinguisher, make sure the fire is contained and is not spreading around the area. While it may seem like the obvious answer is in the event of a fire. Firefighting strategy fire fighting strategy involves the following basic procedures. Move forward or around the fire area as the fire diminishes. The easiest way is to look at the label on the fire extinguisher.
Fire extinguishers should be located in clean, dry areas that are easy to access. Aim the nozzle or hose at the base of the fire from the recommended safe distance. Hospital fire prevention and evacuation guide dipecho lac. The number of fire extinguishers required is normally determined by your fire risk assessment. They should be hung so the top is between 31 2 and 5 feet above the floor and must be quick and easy to remove. The type of extinguisher is based on hazards present in each location. Halon 1211 818 seconds discharge time range 916 ft. Describe your facilitys emergency fire plan, or develop a customized plan for your home health client. The theory of fire extinguishment is based on removing any one or more.1119 1387 1145 1064 1460 1345 178 1028 1325 1324 1375 840 1034 1393 1048 1333 26 281 563 951 75 651 1538 231 959 1520 870 221 1358 101 601 893 706 1305 382 702